Movie 1

Galvnaotaxis of fNPCs. fNPCs in the preserce of a 1 V cm-1 EF migrated toward the cathode with broad lamellpodium. Cells rapidly reversed their directional bias upon revesral of the polarity of the applied EF.

Electrophoresis of cell membrane heparan sulfate regulates galvanotaxis in glial cells

Yu-Ja Huang, Paula Schiapparelli, Kristen Kozielski, Jordan Green, Emily Lavell, Hugo Guerrero-Cazares, Alfredo Quinones-Hinojosa, and Peter Searson

J Cell Sci 2017. 130:2459-2467; doi: 10.1242/jcs.203752