Movie 4

Galvanotaxis of BTICs with HPase and chABC. BTICs treated with 12.5 U mL-1 HPase and 2.5 U mL-1 chABC for six hours were stimulated with an EF for galvanotaxis study. Cells treated with HPase and chABC reversed their directional response and migrated toward the anode.

Electrophoresis of cell membrane heparan sulfate regulates galvanotaxis in glial cells

Yu-Ja Huang, Paula Schiapparelli, Kristen Kozielski, Jordan Green, Emily Lavell, Hugo Guerrero-Cazares, Alfredo Quinones-Hinojosa, and Peter Searson

J Cell Sci 2017. 130:2459-2467; doi: 10.1242/jcs.203752