Movie S1

Wingbeat-resolved in vivo aerodynamic weight support of a hummingbird. The high-speed video shows an Anna's hummingbird hovering in the setup. The simultaneously recorded vertical aerodynamic force is shown with a green vertical arrow, bodyweight is indicated with a black vertical arrow.

How the hummingbird wingbeat is tuned for efficient hovering

Rivers Ingersoll, and David Lentink

Journal of Experimental Biology 2018. 221:None-None; doi: 10.1242/jeb.178228