Movie S3

In vivo weight support recording of a hummingbird flying freely into setup. An unidentified Anna's hummingbird freely flies into and hovers in a rugged outdoor version of the setup, attracted by a feeder, we simultaneously recorded the vertical aerodynamic force shown with a green vertical arrow.

How the hummingbird wingbeat is tuned for efficient hovering

Rivers Ingersoll, and David Lentink

Journal of Experimental Biology 2018. 221:None-None; doi: 10.1242/jeb.178228