Movie S1

Video of terrestrial locomotion of the amphibious northern elephant seal, Mirounga angustirostris. The animal moves on land by using the supporting its large body mass with its foreflippers and the pelvic region without the use of the hind flippers. By using the fore flippers as crutches and pushing itself forward from the pelvic region, the seal generates a forward moving traveling wave to advance.

Terrestrial locomotion of the northern elephant seal (Mirounga angustirostris): limitation of large aquatically adapted seals on land?

Kelsey A. Tennett, Daniel P. Costa, Anthony J. Nicastro, and Frank E. Fish

Journal of Experimental Biology 2018. 221:None-None; doi: 10.1242/jeb.180117