Movie 3.

Slow-motion replay of a high-speed video showing beak movements during beak retrusion in great-spotted woodpecker Drendrocopos major which strongly resemble those described for the black woodpecker.

Cranial kinesis facilitates quick retraction of stuck woodpecker beaks

Sam Van Wassenbergh, Tim Andries, Evy Pauly, and Anick Abourachid

Journal of Experimental Biology 2022. 225:None-None; doi: 10.1242/jeb.243787