Movie 1.

Planarian movement with and without electric field. Planarians move randomly in troughs when no voltage is applied but show directed movement towards the cathode when 2V is applied. Timestamp is in seconds and the white bar represents the location of the cathode. Movie is sped up 4x.

Head removal enhances planarian electrotaxis

Ziad Sabry, Rui Wang, Aryo Jahromi, Christina Rabeler, William B. Kristan, and Eva-Maria S. Collins

Journal of Experimental Biology 2022. 225:None-None; doi: 10.1242/jeb.243972